Educational psychology, evaluation and measurement, personality and social psychology
1916, Fresno, California, USA
1994, Atherton, California, USA
Lee Joseph Cronbach (April 22, 1916 – October 1, 2001) was an American educational psychologist who made contributions to psychological testing and measurement. Born in Fresno, California, Cronbach was selected as a child to participate in Lewis Terman's ...
Lee Joseph Cronbach (April 22, 1916 – October 1, 2001) was an American educational psychologist who made contributions to psychological testing and measurement. Born in Fresno, California, Cronbach was selected as a child to participate in Lewis Terman's long-term study of talented children. He received a bachelor's degree from Fresno State College and a master's degree from the University of California, Berkeley. Cronbach had an interest in educational and psychological measurement due to Thurstone’s work on the measurement of attitudes. This work of Thurstone intrigued Cronbach; motivating him to complete and receive his doctorate in educational psychology from the University of Chicago in 1940. In 1948, at the University of Illinois, Urbana, Cronbach produced many of his works: the "Alpha" paper (Cronbach, 1951), as well as an essay titled The Two Disciplines of Scientific Psychology, in the American Psychologist magazine in 1957, where he discussed his thoughts on the increasing divergence between the fields of experimental psychology and correlational psychology (to which he himself belonged). After teaching mathematics and chemistry at Fresno High School, Cronbach took faculty positions at the State College of Washington, the University of Chicago, and the University of Illinois, finally settling at Stanford University in 1964. Cronbach was the president of the American Psychological Association, president of the American Educational Research Association, Vida Jacks Professor of Education at Stanford University and a member of the United States National Academy of Sciences. Cronbach is considered to be "one of the most prominent and influential educational psychologists of all time." A Review of General Psychology survey, published in 2002, ranked Cronbach as the 48th most cited psychologist of the 20th century.
1955 Construct validity in psychological tests. Psychological Bulletin, 52, 281-302 (with P. E. Meehl).
1957 The two disciplines of scientific psychology. American Psychologist, 12, 671-84.
1957 Psychological Tests and Personnel Decisions. University of Illinois Press (with G. C. Gieser). (2nd edn, 1965.) · 1970 Test validation. In R. L. Thorndike (ed.), Educational Measurement. American Council on Education.
1972 The Dependability of Behavioral Measurements: Theory of Generalizability for Scores and Profiles. Wiley (with G. C. Gieser, H. Nanda and N. Rajaratnam).
1975 Five decades of public controversy over mental testing. American Psychologist, 30, 1-14.
1975 Beyond the two disciplines of scientific psychology. American Psychologist, 30, 116-27.
1982 Designing Evaluations of Educational and Social Programs. Jossey-Bass.