Developmental, experimental, military, physiological and comparative, teaching.
1898, Philadelphia, USA
1973, Washington, DC
Leonard Carmichael (November 9, 1898 – September 16, 1973) was an American educator and psychologist. In addition, he became the seventh secretary of the Smithsonian Institution in 1953.
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BS, Tufts University Medford
PhD, Harvard University, 1924
Appointments & Honors
Professor, Brown University, 1923-36
Sheldon Fellowship, Harvard University, 1924-5
Princeton University, 1925-7
Dean of the Faculty, University of Rochester, 1936-8
President, Tufts University, 1938-52
Director, National Roster of Scientific and Specialized Personnel, 1939-45
APA, President, 1940
Army Scientific Advisory Panel, 1947-52
Naval Research Advisory Committee, 1947-52
Chairman, American Council of Education, 1947-53
Secretary, Smithsonian Institution, 1953-64
Vice-Chairman, Harvard Foundation for Advanced Study and Research, National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, 1956-8
Vice President, American Philosophical Society, 1962-5
Vice President and Chairman, Committee for Research and Exploration, National Geographic Society, 1964-73
Editorial Advisor in Psychology, Houghton Mifflin
Editor, Manual of Child Psychology
Twenty-three Honorary Degrees
Presidential Citations from Presidents Truman and Eisenhower
1925 Heredity and environment: Are they antithetical? Journal of Abnormal Social Psychology, 20, 245-60.
1926 The development of behavior in vertebrates experimentally removed from the influence of external stimulation. Psychological Review, 33, 185-217.
1930 Elements of Human Psychology. Houghton Mifflin (with H. C. Warren)
1932 An experimental study of the effect of language on the reproduction of visually perceived form. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 15, 73-86 (with H. P. Hogan and A. A. Walter).
1933 Origin and prenatal growth of behavior. In C. Murchison (ed.), A Handbook of Child Psychology. Clark University Press.
1934 An experimental study in the prenatal guinea pig of the origin and development of reflexes and patterns of behavior in relation to the stimulation of specific receptor areas during the period of active fetal life. Genetic Psychology Monographs, 16, 337-491.
1935 Electrical potentials from the intact human brain. Science, 89, 51-3 (with H. H. Jasper).
1938 Leaming which modifies an animal's subsequent capacity for learning. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 52, 159-63.
1941 The experimental embryology of mind. Psychological Bulletin, 38, 1-28.
1946 (ed.) Manual of Child Psychology. Wiley.
1946 Reading and Visual Fatigue. Houghton Mifflin (with W. F. Dearborn).
1951 Ontogenetic development. In S. S. Stevens (ed.), Handbook of Experimental Psychology. Wiley.
1956 The Making of Modern Mind. Elsevier.
1957 Basic Psychology. Random House.
1964 The early growth of language capacity in the individual. In E. H. Lenneberg (ed.), New Directions in the Study of Language. MIT Press.