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Mary Ainsworth (1419)

Clinical psychology, cross-cultural psychology, developmental psychology
1913, Glendale, Ohio, USA
Short Biography
Mary Dinsmore Sa (/ˈeɪnswɜrθ/; December 1, 1913 – March 21, 1999) was an American-Canadian developmental psychologist known for her work in early emotional attachment with the Strange Situation design, as well as her work in the development of attachment ... Show more | More at Wikipedia
  • BA University of Toronto, 1935
  • MA University of Toronto, 1936
  • PhD University of Toronto, 1939
  • Hon. DSc, University of Toronto, 1990
Appointments & Honors
  • Superintendent of Women's Rehabilitation, Department of Veteran Affairs, Ottawa, Canada, 1945-6
  • Assistant Professor and Research Fellow, Institute of Child Study, University of Toronto, 1945-50
  • Senior Research Psychologist, Tavistock Clinic, London, 1950-4
  • Senior Research Fellow, Makrere College, Kampala, Uganda, 1954-5
  • Lecturer, 1956-8, Associate Professor, 1958-63, and Professor, 1963-75, in Psychology, Johns Hopkins University
  • Fellow at Center for Advanced Studies, 1957-77
  • Professor, 1975-6, and Commonwealth Professor, 1976-84, in Psychology, University of Virginia
  • Professor Emeritus, University of Virginia, 1984-
  • recipient of seven Distinguished Scientific Contribution Awards from various national s9ientific organizations, including the G. Stanley Hall Award from APA
Principal Publications
  • 1952 Psychodiagnostic assessment of a child after prolonged separation in early childhood. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 25, 169-201 (with M. Boston).
  • 1954 Research strategy in the study of mother-child separation. Courier de la Centre International de l'Enfance, 4, 105-113 (with J. Bowlby).
  • 1958 Measuring Security in Personal Adjustment. World Books (with L. H. Ainsworth).
  • 1965 Child Care and the Growth of Love. Penguin Books (with J. Bowlby).
  • 1967 Infancy in Uganda: Infant Care and the Growth of Love. Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • 1983 Infant attachment, with some preventive and clinical implications. Dialogue, 6, 41-9.
  • 1985 Patterns of infant-mother attachments: Antecedents and effects on development. Bulletin ofthe New York Academy of Medicine, 61, 771-91.
  • 1989 Attachment beyond infancy. American Psychologist, 44, 709-16.
  • 1991 An ethological approach to personality development. American Psychologist, 46, 333-41 (with J. Bowlby).