Social psychology, industrial and organizational psychology
1926, New York, USA
Leonard Berkowitz (born 1926) is an American social psychologist best known for his research on human aggression. He originated the Cognitive Neoassociation Model of aggressive behavior, which was created to help explain instances of aggression that the ...
Leonard Berkowitz (born 1926) is an American social psychologist best known for his research on human aggression. He originated the Cognitive Neoassociation Model of aggressive behavior, which was created to help explain instances of aggression that the Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis could not account for. Berkowitz received his Ph.D. in Psychology from the University of Michigan in 1951. He is currently Vilas Research Professor Emeritus in the Department of Psychology at the University of Wisconsin–Madison. A Review of General Psychology survey, published in 2002, ranked Berkowitz as the 76th most cited psychologist of the 20th century.
Research Psychologist, Human Resources Research Center, San Antonio, 1951-5
Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Assistant Professor, 1955-9, Associate Professor, 1959-62, Professor, 1962-
Vilas Research Professor, 1969-93
Fellow, Center for the Advanced Study in Behavioral Sciences, Stanford, 1970-1, AAAS, 1977-
President, APA Division 8, 1971-2
Overseas Fellow, Churchill College, University of Cambridge, 1974, 1976
Hon. Dr, University of Louvain-la-Neuve, 1977
Chair, APA Publications Board, 1981-2
International Society for Research on Aggression, 1981-3
APA Distinguished Scientific Award for the Application of Psychology, 1988
SESP Distinguished Scientific Award, 1989
1954 Group standards, cohesiveness and productivity. Human Relations, 7, 509-19.
1957 Liking for the group and the perceived merit of the group's behavior. Journal of Abnormal and Social Behaviour, 54, 353-7.
1958 The expression and reduction of hostility. Psychological Bulletin, 55, 257-83.
1960 Judgmental processes in personality functioning. Psychological Review, 67, 130-42.
1962 Aggression: A Social Psychological Analysis. McGraw-Hill.
1963 Effects of film violence on inhibitions against subsequent aggression. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 66, 405-12 (with E. Rawlings).
1964 Aggressive cues in aggressive behavior and hostility catharsis. Psychological Review, 71, 104-22.
1965 Some aspects of observed aggression. Journal ofPersonality and Social Psychology, 2, 359-69.
1967 Weapons as aggression-eliciting stimuli. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 7, 202-7 (with A. LePage).
1968 Impulse, aggression and the gun. Psychology Today, 2, 18-22.
1969 (ed.) Roots of Aggression: A Re-examination of the Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis. Atherton.
1970 Altruism and Helping Behavior. Academic Press (ed. with J. Macaulay).
1971 The contagion of criminal violence. Sociometry, 34, 238-60 (with J. Macaulay).
1972 Social Psychology. Scott Foreman.
1972 Social norms, feelings, and other factors affecting helping and altruism. In L. Berkowitz (ed.), Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, vol. 6. Academic Press.
1972 Frustrations, comparisons, and other sources of emotional arousal as contributors to social unrest. Journal of Social Issues, 28, 77-91.
1973 The meaning of an observed event as a determinant of its aggressive consequence. Journal ofPersonality and Social Psychology, 28, 206-17 (with J. T. Alioto).
1974 Some determinants of impulsive aggression: The role of mediated associations with reinforcements for aggression. Psychological Review, 81, 165-76.
1977 The stimulating and inhibiting effects of weapons on aggressive behavior. Aggressive Behavior, 3, 355-78 (with C. W. Turner, L. S. Simon and A. Frodi).
1978 Whatever happened to the frustration-aggression hypothesis? American Behavioral Science, 21, 691-708.
1981 The concept of aggression. In P. Brain and D. Benton (eds), Multidisciplinary Approaches to Aggression Research. Elsevier.
1981 Physical pain and the goal of aversively stimulated aggression. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 40, 687-700 (with S. Cochran and M. Embree).
1982 External validity is more than skin deep: Some answers to criticisms of laboratory experiments. American Psychologist, 37, 245-57 (with E. Donnerstein).
1983 Aversively stimulated aggression: Some parallels and differences in research with animals and humans. American Psychologist, 38, 1135-44.
1984 Some effects of thoughts on antiand pro- social influences of media events: A cognitive neoassociationist analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 95, 410-27.
1987 Pay equity, job gratification and comparisons in pay satisfaction. Journal of Applied Psychology, 72, 544-51 (with C. Fraser, F. P. Treasure and S. Cochrane).
1987 Mood, self-awareness, and willingness to help. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52, 721-9.
1989 Frustration-aggression hypothesis: Examination and reformulation. Psychological Bulletin, 106, 59-73.
1989 On the construction of the anger experience: Aversive events and negative priming in the formation of feelings. In L. Berkowitz (ed.), Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, vol. 22. Academic Press (with K. Heimer).
1990 On the formation and regulation of anger and aggression: A cognitive-neoassociationistic analysis: American Psychological Association Distinguished Scientific Award for the Application of Psychology. American Psychologist, 45, 494-503.
1993 Aggression: Its Causes, Consequences and Control. McGraw-Hill.
1993 Frustration-aggression hypothesis: Examination and reformulation. Psychological Bulletin, 106, 59-73.
1993 Pain and aggression: Some findings and implications. Motivation and Emotion, 17, 277-93.