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Sandra Bem (1230)

Developmental psychology, personality and social psychology, psychological study of social issues, psychology of women
1944, Pittsburgh, USA
Short Biography
Sandra Ruth Lipsitz Bem (June 22, 1944 – May 20, 2014) was an American psychologist known for her works in androgyny and gender studies. Her pioneering work on gender roles, gender polarization and gender stereotypes led directly to more equal employment ... Show more | More at Wikipedia
  • BA Carnegie Mellon University, 1965
  • PhD University of Michigan, 1968
Appointments & Honors
  • Professor of Psychology and Women's Studies, Cornel University, Ithaca, New York
  • Distinguished Scientific Award for an Early Career Contribution to Psychology, APA, 1976
  • Distinguished Publication Award, Association for Women in Psychology, 1977
  • Young Scholar Award, American Association of University Women, 1980
  • Hon. Doctor of Science, Wilson College Chambersburg, Penna, 1985
  • Editorial Board, Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, Journal of Applied Social Psychology, Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, Psychology of Women Quarterly, Journal of Homosexuality, Sex Roles: A Journal ofResearch
Principal Publications
  • 1970 Case study of a non-conscious ideology: Training the women to know her place. In D. J. Bern (ed.), Belief~. Attitudes and Human Affairs. Brooks Cole.
  • 1974 The measurement of psychological androgyny. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 42, 155-62.
  • 1975 Sex role adaptability: One consequence of psychological androgyny. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 31, 634-43.
  • 1976 Sex typing and androgyny: Further exploration of the expressive domain. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 34, 1016-23 (with W. Martyna and C. Watson).
  • 1981 Gender schema theory. Psychological Review, 88, 354-64.
  • 1981 Benz Sex Role Inventory Professional Manual. Consulting Psychologists Press.
  • 1981 Sex typing and the avoidance of cross-sex behaviour. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 33, 48-54 (with E. Linney).
  • 1985 Androgyny and gender schema theory: A conceptual and empirical integration. In T. B. Sonderegger (ed.), Motivation 1984: The Psychology of Gender. University of Nebraska Press.
  • 1985 If you're gender-schematic, all members of the opposite sex look alike. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 49, 459-68 (with D. E.S. Frable).
  • 1987 Gender schema theory and the romantic tradition. In R. Shaver and C. Hendrick (eds), Sex and Gender. Review of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 7. Sage.
  • 1993 The Lenses of Gender: Transforming the Debate on Sexual Inequality. Yale University Press.