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Endel Tulving (1386)

Interests
Cognitive, experimental
Nationality
Estonian
Born
1927, Estonia
Short Biography
Endel Tulving (born May 26, 1927) is an Estonian Canadian experimental psychologist and cognitive neuroscientist whose research on human memory has influenced psychological scientists, neuroscientists, and clinicians. He helped separate episodic memory ... Show more | More at Wikipedia
Education
  • BA University of Toronto, 1953
  • MA University of Toronto, 1954
  • PhD Harvard University, 1957
  • Hon. DPhil, Umea University
Appointments & Honors
  • Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Toronto
  • Senior Research Fellow, NRC Canada, 1964-5
  • Fellow, Center for Advanced Study in Behavioral Sciences, 1972-3
  • Governing Board, Psychonomic Society, 1974-80
  • Commonwealth Visiting Professor, Oxford University, 1977-8
  • Fellow, APA, CPA, Royal Society of Canada, AAAS
  • APA Distinguished Contributions to Psychology as a Science Award, 1984
  • Editor, Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 1969-72, Psychological Research, 1976-
Principal Publications
  • 1972 Organization of Memory. Academic Press (ed. with W. Donaldson).
  • 1973 Encoding specificity and retrieval processes in episodic memory. Psychological Review, 80, 352-73 (with D. M. Thomson).
  • 1974 Recall and recognition of semantically encoded words. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 102, 778-87.
  • 1975 Structure of memory traces. Psychological Review, 82, 261-75 (with M. J. Watkins).
  • 1975 Depth of processing and the retention of words in episodic memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 104, 268-94 (with F. I.M. Craik).
  • 1976 Encoding specificity: Relation between recall superiority and recognition failure. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory, 2, 349-61.
  • 1977 The measurement of subjective organization in free recall. Psychological Bulletin, 84, 539-56 (with R. J. Sternberg).
  • 1978 Retrieval independence in recognition and recall. Psychological Review, 85, 153-71 (with A. J. Flexsor).
  • 1980 Exceptions to recognition failure to recallable words. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 19, 194-209 (with J. M. Gardiner).
  • 1981 Similarity relations in recognition. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 20, 479-96.
  • 1982 Priming effects in word-fragment completion are independent of recognition memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 8, 336-42 (with D. L. Schachter and H. A. Stark).
  • 1983 Elements of Episodic Memory. Clarendon Press.
  • 1985 How many memory systems are there? American Psychologist, 40, 385-98.
  • 1989 Memory, performance, knowledge and experience. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 1, 3-26.
  • 1990 Priming and human memory systems. Science, 247, 301-16 (withD. L. Schachter).