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Kenneth Spence (1295)

Interests
Experimental, physiological and comparative
Profession
Psychologist
Nationality
American
Born
1907, Chicago, USA
Died
1967, Austin, Texas, USA
Short Biography
Kenneth Wartinbee Spence (May 6, 1907 – January 12, 1967) was a prominent American psychologist known for both his theoretical and experimental contributions to learning theory and motivation. As one of the leading theorists of his time, Spence was the ... Show more | More at Wikipedia
Education
  • BA McGill University, 1929
  • MA McGill University, 1930
  • PhD Yale University, 1933
Appointments & Honors
  • Wales Gold Medal in Mental Sciences, McGill University, 1929
  • Governor- General's Medal for Research, McGill University, 1930
  • Head, Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, 1942-64
  • Howard Warren Crosby Medal of the Society of Experimental Psychologists, 1953
  • Member, National Academy of Science, 1954
  • APA Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award, 1956
  • Journal of Experimental Psychology, The Psychology of Learning and Motivation: Advances in Research and Theory
Principal Publications
  • 1936 The nature of discrimination learning in animals. Psychological Review, 43, 427-49.
  • 1937 The differential response in animals to stimuli varying in a single dimension. Psychological Review, 44, 430-44.
  • 1938 Gradual versus sudden solution of discrimination problems in chimpanzees. Journal ofComparative Psychology, 25, 213-24.
  • 1942 Theoretical interpretations of learning. In Moss (ed.), Comparative Psychology (rev. edn). Prentice Hall.
  • 1944 The nature of theory construction in contemporary psychology. Psychological Review, 51, 47-68.
  • 1948 The postulates and methods of behaviorism. Psychological Review, 55, 67-9.
  • 1951 Anxiety and strength of the UCS as determiners of the amount of eyelid conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 42, 183-8 (with J. A. Taylor (Spence)).
  • 1952 The nature of the response in discrimination learning. Psychological Review, 59, 89-93.
  • 1956 Behavior Theory and Conditioning. Yale University Press.
  • 1960 Behavior Theory and Learning. Prentice Hall.
  • 1966 Cognitive factors in the extinction of the conditioned eyeblink in human subjects. Psychological Review, 73, 445-9.
  • 1967 The Psychology of Learning and Motivation (2 vols). Academic Press.