Clinical psychology, evaluation and measurement, educational psychology, personality and social psychology
1933, Giessen, Germany
Robert Rosenthal is a Distinguished Professor of Psychology at the University of California, Riverside. His interests include self-fulfilling prophecies, which he explored in a well-known study of the Pygmalion Effect: the effect of teachers' ...
Robert Rosenthal is a Distinguished Professor of Psychology at the University of California, Riverside. His interests include self-fulfilling prophecies, which he explored in a well-known study of the Pygmalion Effect: the effect of teachers' expectations on students.
Rosenthal was born in Giessen, Germany on March 2, 1933, and left Germany with his family at the age of six. In 1956 he was awarded a PhD by the University of California, Los Angeles. He started his career as a clinical psychologist and then moved into social psychology. From 1962 to 1999 he taught at Harvard, became chairman of the psychology department there in 1992, and Edgar Pierce Professor of Psychology in 1995. On retiring from Harvard in 1999 he went to California.
Much of his work has focused on nonverbal communication, particularly its influence on expectations: for example, in doctor-patient or manager-employee situations. The many awards he has won include the 2003 Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in the Science of Psychology from the American Psychological Association and election to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Rosenthal won the AAAS Prize for Behavioral Science Research in 1960. In 2008 he became a University Professor in the University of California statewide system. A survey in the Review of General Psychology, published in 2002, ranked Rosenthal as the 84th most cited psychologist of the 20th century.
Professor of Social Psychology, Harvard University, 1967-
Fellow, APA Divisions 8, 12
President, North Dakota Psychological Association
Treasurer, Society for Projective Techniques
Member, Society of Experimental Social Psychology
Diplomate in Clinical Psychology, ABEPP
APA Division 13, Cattell Fund Award (first prize, with L. Jacobson), 1967
Senior Fulbright Scholar, Australian- American Educational Foundation, 1972
Guggenheim Fellow, 1973-4
Distinguished Career Contribution Award, Massachusetts Psychological Association, · 1979
Wiener Award, University of Manitoba, 1979
Chair, Dept of Psychology 1992-
Editorial Boards: Current Psychological Research, Current Psychological Reviews, Current Psychology: Research and Reviews, Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, Journal of Educational Psychology, Journal of Educational Psychological Research, Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, Journaz' of Personality, Replications in Social Psychology
1961 Teachers' expectations: Determinants of pupils' IQ gains. Psychological Reports, 19, 115-18.
1963 On the social psychology of the psychological experiment: The experimenter's hypothesis as unintended determinant of experimental results. American Scientist, 51, 268-83.
1966 Experimenter Effects in Behavioral Research. Appleton-Century-Crofts. (Irvington, 1976).
1967 Covert communication in the psychological experiment. Psychological Bulletin, 74, 356-67.
1968 Pygmalion in the Classroom: Teacher Expectation and Pupils' Intellectual Development. Holt, Rinehart & Winston (with L. Jacobson).
1968 Experimenter expectancy and the reassuring nature of the null hypothesis decision procedure. Psychological Bulletin Monograph Supplement, 70, 30-47.
1975 The Volunteer Subject. Wiley (with R. R. Rosnow).
1978 Combining results of independent studies. Psychological Bulletin, 85, 185-93.
1979 The file drawer problem and tolerance for null results. Psychological Bulletin, 86, 638-41.
1979 Sensitivity to Nonverbal Communication: The PONS Test. Johns Hopkins University Press (with J. A. Hall, M. R. DiMatteo, P. L. Rogers and D. Archer).
1981 Pavlov's mice, Pfungst's horse and Pygmalion's PONS: Some models for the study of interpersonal expectancy effects. In T. A. Sebeok and R. Rosenthal (eds), The Clever Hans Phenomenon: Communication with Horses, Whales. Apes and People. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 364, 182-98.
1982 Conducting judgment studies. In K. R. Scherer and P. Ekman (eds), Handbook of Methods in Nonverbal Behavior Research. Cambridge University Press.
1983 Assessing the statistical and social importance of the effects of psychotherapy. Journal o( Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 51. 4-1.i.
1984 Meta·Analytic Procedures for Social Research. Sage.