Cognitive science (genetic epistemology), developmental, educational, experimental, society of personality and social, theoretical
1896, Neuchatel, Switzerland
1980, Geneva, Switzerland
Jean Piaget (French: [ʒɑ̃ pjaʒɛ]; 9 August 1896 – 16 September 1980) was a Swiss developmental psychologist and philosopher known for his epistemological studies with children. His theory of cognitive development and epistemological view are together ...
Jean Piaget (French: [ʒɑ̃ pjaʒɛ]; 9 August 1896 – 16 September 1980) was a Swiss developmental psychologist and philosopher known for his epistemological studies with children. His theory of cognitive development and epistemological view are together called "genetic epistemology".
Piaget placed great importance on the education of children. As the Director of the International Bureau of Education, he declared in 1934 that "only education is capable of saving our societies from possible collapse, whether violent, or gradual."
Piaget created the International Center for Genetic Epistemology in Geneva in 1955 while on the faculty of the University of Geneva and directed the Center until his death in 1980. The number of collaborations that its founding made possible, and their impact, ultimately led to the Center being referred to in the scholarly literature as "Piaget's factory."
According to Ernst von Glasersfeld, Jean Piaget was "the great pioneer of the constructivist theory of knowing." However, his ideas did not become widely popularized until the 1960s. This then led to the emergence of the study of development as a major sub-discipline in psychology. By the end of the 20th century, Piaget was second only to B. F. Skinner as the most cited psychologist of that era.
studied psychology with T. Simon*, Sorbonne, University of Paris, 1919-21
Appointments & Honors
Research Director, Institut Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Geneva, 1921-5
Professor of Psychology, Sociology and the Philosophy of Science, University of Neuchatel, 1925-9
Professor of the History of Scientific Thought, University of Geneva, 1929-39, Director, International Bureau of Education, Geneva, 1929-67
Director, Institute of Educational Sciences, University of Geneva, 1932-71
Professor of Experimental Psychology and Sociology, University of Lausanne, 1938-51
Professor of Sociology, University of Geneva, 1939-51, Professor of Experimental Psychology, University of Geneva, 1940-71, Professor of Genetic Psychology, Sorbonne, Paris, 1952-63
Director, International Centre for Genetic Epistemology, Geneva, 1955-80
Emeritus Professor, University of Geneva, 1971-80
President: Swiss Commission UNESCO, Swiss Society of Psychology, French Language Association of Scientific Psychology, International Union of Scientific Psychology
Co-Director, Department of Education UNESCO
Member, Executive Council UNESCO and twenty academic societies
Honorary doctorates at Harvard University, 1936, Manchester University, 1959, Cambridge University, 1962, Bristol University, 1970, CNAA, 1975, and twenty-six other universities
Erasmus prize (1972) and ten other prizes
Co-Editor, Archives de Psychologie and seven other journals
1918 Recherche. La Concorde.
1928 Judgment and Reasoning in the Child. Routledge and Kegan Paul. (1st pub. 1924).
1949 Traite de logique. Colin.
1950 Introduction aI'epistemologie genetique (3 vols). Presses Universitaires de France.
1951 Play, Dreams and Imitation in Childhood. Heinemann. (1st pub. 1945).
1952 Child's Conception of Number. Routledge and Kegan Paul (with A. Szeminska) (1st pub. 1941).
1953 Origins of Intelligence in the Child. Routledge and Kegan Paul. (1st pub. 1936).
1954 Constructi On of Reality in the Child. Routledge and Kegan Paul. (1st pub. 1937).
1958 Growth of Logical Thinking. Routledge and Kegan Paul. (with B. Inhe1der). (1st pub. 1955).
1967 Logique et connaissance scientifique. Gallimard.
1971 Biology and Knowledge. Edinburgh University Press. (1st pub. 1967).
1973 Main Trends in Psychology. George Allen & Unwin. (1st pub. 1970).
1977 Recherches sur /'abstraction reflechissante (2 vols). Presses Universitaires de France.
1981 Intelligence and Affectivity. Annual Reviews. (1st pub. 1954).
1983 Piaget's theory. In P. Mussen (ed.), H,mdbook ofChild Psychology, vol. 1. Wiley. (1st pub. 1970).
1985 Equilibration of Cognitive Structures. University of Chicago Press. (1st pub. 1975)
1986 Essay on necessity. Human Development, 29, 301-13. (1st pub. 1977).
1987 Possibility and Necessity (2 vols). University of Minnesota Press. (1st pub. 1981, then 1983).
1989 Psychogenesis and the History of Science. Columbia University Press (with R. Garcia). (1st pub. 1983).
1991 Towards a Logic of Meanings. Erlbaum (with R. Garcia). (1st pub. 1987).
1992 Morphisms and Categories. Erlbaum (with G. Henriques and E. Ascher). (1st pub. 1990).
1995 Sociological Studies. Routledge. (1st pub.
1995 Commentary on Vygotsky's criticisms. New Ideas in Psychology, 13, 325-40. (1st pub. 1962). Piaget published more than 50 books and 500 papers as well as 37 volumes in the series Etudes d'Epistemo1ogie Genetique. All of these publications are listed in The Jean Piaget Bibliography (1989), Jean Piaget Archives Foundation, Geneva.