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Wilder Penfield (1223)

Interests
Neurosurgery; Clinical neurophysiology; Clinical neuropsychology
Profession
Neurosurgeon
Nationality
American-Canadian
Born
1891, Spokane, WA, USA
Died
1976, Montreal, PQ, Canada
Short Biography
Wilder Graves Penfield OM CC CMG FRS (January 26, 1891 – April 5, 1976) was a pioneering neurosurgeon once dubbed "the greatest living Canadian". He expanded brain surgery's methods and techniques, including mapping the functions of various regions of ... Show more | More at Wikipedia
Education
  • B. Litt Princeton University, 1913
  • Rhodes Scholarship 1914, 1918-20
  • BA Oxford University, 1917
  • MD Johns Hopkins University, 1918
  • Beit Memorial Research Fellow, 1920
  • BSc Oxford University, 1920
  • MA Oxford University 1920
  • DSc Oxford University 1935
  • DSc Princeton University, 1939
Appointments & Honors
  • Associate Professor of Surgery, Columbia University, 1920
  • Junior Attending Surgeon, Presbyterian Hospital, New York City, 1921-8
  • Assistant Professor of Surgery, Columbia University, 1924-8
  • Assistant Neurologist, Vanderbilt Clinic, 1924-8
  • Assistant Surgeon, New York Neurological Institute, 1925-8
  • Neurosurgeon, Royal Victoria and Montreal General Hospitals, 1928-60
  • Associate Professor of Neurosurgery, McGill University, 1928-34
  • Professor of Neurology and Neurosurgery, McGill University, 1934-54
  • Director, Montreal Neurological Institute, 1934-60
  • President, Association for Research in Nervous and Mental Diseases, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, 1939-44
  • Fellow: Royal Society, 1943, Royal Society of Canada, 1943
  • Companion of St Michael and St George, 1943
  • Fellow, Royal Society of Medicine London, 1947
  • United States Medal of Freedom with Silver Palm, 1948
  • Legion of Honour, 1950
  • President, American Neurological Association, 1951
  • Hon. DCL Oxford University, 1953
  • British Order of Merit, 1953
  • Chevalier Legion d'Honneur, 1953
  • Jacoby Award of the American Neurological Association, 1953
  • Medaille Lannelongue of the Academie de Chirurgie of France, 1958
  • Lister Medal, Royal College of Surgeons, 1961
  • President Vanier Institute of the Family, 1965-8
  • Companion of the Order of Canada, 1967
  • Gold Medal, Royal Society of Medicine, 1967
  • Triennial Gold Medal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 1968
  • twenty-five honorary degrees, and fifteen medals, honours and awards
Principal Publications
  • 1941 Epilepsy and Cerebral Localisation. Springfield. Ill.: C. C. Thomas (with T. C. Erickson).
  • 1950 The Cerebral Cortex of Man. New York: Macmillan (with T. B. Rassmussen).
  • 1951 Epileptic Seizure Patterns. Springfield, Ill.: C. C. Thomas (with K. Kristiansen).
  • 1954 Epilepsy and the Functional Anatomy ofthe Human Brain. London: Churchill (with H. Jasper).
  • 1958 The Excitable Cortex in Conscious Man. Springfield, Ill.: C. C. Thomas.
  • 1959 Speech and Brain Mechanisms. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press (with L. Roberts).
  • 1975 The Mystery of the Mind. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.