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Martin Theodore Orne (1168)

Clinical psychology, forensic psychology, hypnosis, memory, methodology, law, psychiatry
1927, Vienna, Austria
Short Biography
Martin Theodore Orne, M.D., Ph.D. (1927, Vienna, Austria — February 11, 2000) was a professor of psychiatry and psychology at the University of Pennsylvania. Orne pioneered research into demand characteristics illustrating the weakness of informing ... Show more | More at Wikipedia
  • AB (cum laude) Harvard College, 1948
  • AM Harvard University, 1951
  • MD Tufts University Medical School, 1955
  • Residency in Psychiatry, Massachusetts Mental Health Center, 1957-60
  • PhD Harvard University, 1958
Appointments & Honors
  • Professor of Psychiatry and Director, University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 1967-
  • Member APA Divisions 1, 6, 8 and 30 (Fellow status in 6, 8 and 30)
  • Benjamin Franklin Gold Medal, International Society of Hypnosis, 1982
  • APA Distinguished Scientific Award for the Applications of Psychology, 1986
  • American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, Seymour Pollack Award, 1991
  • American Psychological Society, James McKeen Cattell Fellow Award m Applied Psychology, 1992
Principal Publications
  • 1959 The nature of hypnosis: Artifact and essence. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 58, 277-99.
  • 1962 On the social psychology of the psychological experiment: With particular reference to demand characteristics and their implications. American Psychologist, 17, 776-83.
  • 1968 Anticipatory socialization for psychotherapy: Method and rationale. American Journal of Psychiatry, 124, 1202-12 (with P. H. Wender).
  • 1969 Demand characteristics and the concept of quasi-controls. In R. Rosenthal and R. Rosnow (eds), Artifact in Behavioral Research, Academic Press.
  • 1971 The simulation of hypnosis: Why, how and what it means. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 19, 277-96.
  • 1974 Hypnosis. Encyclopaedia Britannica, Helen Hemingway Benton (with A. G. Hammer).
  • 1979 The use and misuse of hypnosis in court. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 27,-311-41.
  • 1984 On the differential diagnosis of multiple personality in the forensic context. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 32, 118-69 (with D. F. Dinges and E. C. Orne).
  • 1988 Reconstructing memory through hypnosis: Forensic and clinical implications. In H. M. Pettinati (ed.), Hypnosis and Memory, Guilford Press (with D. F. Dinges, E. C. Orne and W. G. Whitehouse).
  • 1988 Hypnotic hyperamnesia: Enhanced memory accessibility or report bias? Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 97, 289-95 (with D. F. Dinges, E. C. Orne and W. G. Whitehouse).
  • 1989 Hypnosis. In H. 1. Kaplan, and B. J. Sadock (eds), Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry: V. Williams & Wilkins (with D. F. Dinges).
  • 1991 Disorders of self: Myths, metaphors, and the demand characteristics of treatment. In G. Goethals and J. Strauss (eds), The Self: An Interdisciplinary Approach. Springer-Verlag.
  • 1996 'Memories' of anomalous and traumatic autobiographical experiences: Validation and consolidation of fantasy through hypnosis. Psychological Inquiry (with D. F. Dinges, E. C. Orne and W. G. Whitehouse).