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Maria Montessori (1231)

Interests
Developmental psychology, educational psychology, personality psychology, new pedagogy
Profession
Educator
Nationality
Italian
Born
1870, Chiaravalle, Italy
Died
1952, Noordwijk aan Zee, Holland
Short Biography
Maria Tecla Artemesia Montessori (Italian pronunciation: [maˈria montesˈsɔri]; August 31, 1870 – May 6, 1952) was an Italian physician and educator best known for the philosophy of education that bears her name, and her writing on scientific pedagogy. ... Show more | More at Wikipedia
Education
  • MD (first woman to receive this) University of Rome, 1896
Appointments & Honors
  • Assistant Physician, Psychiatric Clinic, University of Rome, 1884-99
  • Directress, State Orthophrenic Institute, Rome, 1898-1900
  • Lecturer, Anthropology and Hygiene, Royal Feminine Teacher Training College, Rome, 1900-4
  • Lecturer, Pedagogical Anthropology, Royal University of Rome, 1904-16
  • Founder, Casa <lei Bambini (Montessori School), Rome, 1907, United States, 1911, London, 1913, Spain, 1913
  • Founder, international trammg course, London, 1919, Amsterdam, 1924
  • Hon. LLD, University of Durham, 1923
  • Founder, Montessori Society India, 1926, Montessori Society, Argentina, 1927, Association Montessori Internationale (AMI), 1929, Montessori Society of Ireland, 1934, Montessori in India, 1939-46, Montessori Association Pakistan, 1949
  • Hon. Fellow, Educational Institute of Scotland, 1946
  • Honoured by the Italian Parliament, 1947
  • Cross of the Legion of Honour, France, 1949
  • Delegate, UNESCO General Assembly, Florence, 1950
  • Hon. Dr, University of Amsterdam, 1950
  • Professor, University of Perugia, 1950
  • Nominated for Nobel Peace Prize, 1950
Principal Publications
  • 1909 The Montessori Method. (Reprint, intro. J. McV. Hunt. Schocken, 1964.)
  • 1916 The Advanced Montessori Method, 2 vols. (Reprint, Kalakshetra Publications, 1965.)
  • 1932 Peace in Education. Montessori Society.
  • 1936 The Child in the Family. (Reprint, Henry Regney.)
  • 1936 The Secret of Childhood. (Reprint, Schocken, 1966.)
  • 1946 Education for a New World. Kalakshetra.
  • 1948 To Educate the Human Potential, Discovery ofthe Child, What You Should Know about Your Child (All Kalakshetra).
  • 1949 The Absorbent Mind. Theosophical Publishing House.
  • 1950 The Formation of Man. Kalakshetra.