Behavioural medicine, health psychology, physiological psychology, learning, experimental psychology
1909, Milwaukee, USA
Neal Elgar Miller (August 3, 1909 – March 23, 2002) was an American experimental psychologist. Described as an energetic man with a variety of interests, including physics, biology and writing, Miller entered the field of psychology to pursue these. With ...
Neal Elgar Miller (August 3, 1909 – March 23, 2002) was an American experimental psychologist. Described as an energetic man with a variety of interests, including physics, biology and writing, Miller entered the field of psychology to pursue these. With a background training in the sciences, he was inspired by professors and leading psychologists at the time to work on various areas in behavioral psychology and physiological psychology, specifically, relating visceral responses to behavior.
Miller's career in psychology started with research on "fear as a learned drive and its role in conflict". Work in behavioral medicine led him to his most notable work on biofeedback. Over his lifetime he lectured at Yale, Rockefeller University, and Cornell University Medical College and was one of the youngest members of Yale's Institute of Human Relations. His accomplishments led to the establishment of two awards: the New Investigator Award from the Academy of Behavioral Medicine Research and an award for distinguished lectureship from the American Psychological Association. A Review of General Psychology survey, published in 2002, ranked Miller as the eighth most cited psychologist of the 20th century.
Professor Emeritus and Head, Laboratory of Physiological Psychology, Rockefeller University
Member, National Academy of Science, 1958
President, APA, 1960-1
Member, AAAS, 1961
Hon. DSc, University of Michigan, 1965, University of Pennsylvania, 1968, St Lawrence University, 1973, La Salle College, 1979, Rutgers University, 1985
President, Society for Neuroscience, 1971-2
APA Gold Medal Award, 1971
Hon. PhD, University of Uppsala, 1977
McAlpin Medal, Mental Health Association, 1978
President, APA Division 38, 1980-1
APA Distinguished Contributions to Knowledge Award, 1983
President, Biofeedback Society of American, 1984-5
APA Outstanding Lifetime Achievement Award, 1991
Editor, numerous journals and member of editorial boards
1939 Frustration and Aggression. Yale University Press (with J. Dollard, L. W. Doob, O. H. Mowrer and R. R. Sears).
1941 Social Leaming and Imitation. Yale University Press (with J. Dollard).
1947 Psychological Research on Pilot Training. US Government Printing Office.
1948 Studies of fear as an acquirable drive: I. Fear as motivarion and fear reduction as reinforcement in the learning of new responses. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 38, 89-101.
1948 Theory and experiment relating psychoanalytic displacement to stimulus-response generalization. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 43, 155-78.
1950 Personality and Psychotherapy. McGraw-Hill (with J. Dollard).
1959 Liberalization of basic S-R concepts: Extensions to conflict behavior, motivation and social learning. In S. Koch (ed.), Psychology: A Study ofa Science, study I, vol. 2. McGraw- Hill.
1961 Learning and performance motivated by direct stimulation of the brain. In D. E. Sheer (ed.), Electrical Stimulation of the Brain. University of Texas Press.
1963 Animal experiments on emotionally induced ulcers. Proceedings of III World Congress of Psychiatry, 1961, 3, 213-19.
1965 Chemical coding of behavior in the brain. Science, 148, 328-33.
1979 A learned visceral response apparently independent of skeletal ones in patients paralyzed by spinal lesions. In N. Birbaumer and H. D. Kimmel (eds), Biofeedback and Self-Regulation. Erlbaum (with B. S. Brucker).
1981 Leaming in the homeostatic regulation of visceral responses. In G. Adam, I. Mescaros and E. I. Banyai (eds), Advances in Physiological Science, vol. 17. Akademiai Kiado.
1983 Behavioral medicine: Symbiosis between laboratory and clinic. Annual Review of Psychology, 34, 1-31.
1984 Behavioral Health: A Handbook of Health Enhancement and Disease Prevention. Wiley-Interscience (with J. D. Matarazzo, S. M. Weiss and J. A. Herd).
1985 Effects of emotional stress on the immune system. Pavlovian Journal of Biological Science, 20, 47-52.
1987 Health Psychology: A Discipline and a Profession. University of Chicago Press (ed. with G. C. Stone et al.).