Clinical psychology, cross-cultural psychology, experimental psychology, general psychology, parapsychology, peace psychology, personality and social psychology, psychoanalysis, psychology, psychological hypnosis, psychological study of social issues, physiological and comparative, theoretical and philosophical psychology
1871, Chadderton, Lancashire, England
1938, Durham, North Carolina, USA
William McDougall FRS (/məkˈduːɡəl/; 22 June 1871 – 28 November 1938) was an early 20th century psychologist who spent the first part of his career in the United Kingdom and the latter part in the United States. He wrote a number of highly influential ...
William McDougall FRS (/məkˈduːɡəl/; 22 June 1871 – 28 November 1938) was an early 20th century psychologist who spent the first part of his career in the United Kingdom and the latter part in the United States. He wrote a number of highly influential textbooks, and was particularly important in the development of the theory of instinct and of social psychology in the English-speaking world. He was an opponent of behaviourism and stands somewhat outside the mainstream of the development of Anglo-American psychological thought in the first half of the 20th century; but his work was very well known and respected among lay people.
McDougall was educated at Owens College, Manchester and St John's College, Cambridge. He also studied medicine and physiology in London and Göttingen. After teaching at University College London and Oxford, he was recruited by William James to Harvard University, where he served as a professor of psychology from 1920 to 1927. He then moved to Duke University, where he established the Parapsychology Laboratory under J. B. Rhine, and where he remained until his death. He was a Fellow of the Royal Society. Among his students were Cyril Burt, May Smith, William Brown, and J. C. Flügel.
Fellow, St John's College, Cambridge University, 1898-1903
Physician, Cambridge Anthropological Expedition to Torres Straits, 1899-1900
1st class in the Natural Science Tripos at Cambridge, Pt. I in 1892, Pt. II in 1894
Grainger Prize, Cambridge, 1898
Co-founder, BPS, 1901
Reader in Experimental Psychology, University College, London, 1901-7
Wilde Reader in Mental Philosophy, Oxford University, 1903-20
Fellow, Royal Society of London, 1912, Corpus Christi College, Oxford, 1912
Vice-President, Psychiatric Section, Royal Society of Medicine, 1914-18, President, 1918-20
Major, Royal Army Medical Corps, 1915-19
Hon. DSc, Victoria University of Manchester, 1919
President, British Society for Psychical Research, 1920-1
William James Chair of Psychology, Harvard University, 1920-7
Chair of Psychology, Duke University, 1927-
Hon. Fellow, St John's College, Cambridge, 1938
1901 On the seat of the psycho-physical processes. Brain, 24, 577-630.
1901 New observations in support of Thomas Young's theory of lightand colour-vision, I-III, Mind, 10, 52-97, 210-45, 347-82.
1902-6 The physiological factors of the attention process, I-IV. Mind, 11, 316-51; 12, 289-302, 473-88; 15,329-59.
1903 Hearing, smell, taste, cutaneous sensations, etc. In A. C. Haddon, (ed.), Reports ofthe Cambridge Anthropological Expedition to the Torres Straits, Pt. 2, Vol. 2. Cambridge University Press (with C. S. Myers).
1905 Physiological Psychology. Dent.
1908 An Introduction to Social Psychology. Methuen.
1911 Body and Mind: A History and Defense of Animism. Methuen.
1912 Psychology: The Study of Behavior. Holt.
1912 The Pagan Tribes of Borneo. Macmillan (with C. Hose).
1920 The Group Mind. Cambridge University Press.
1923 An Outline of Psychology. Methuen.
1926 Outline of Abnormal Psychology. Scribner's.
1927 Psychical research as a university study. In C. Murchison (ed.), The Case For and Against Psychical Belief. Clark University Press.
1927 Janus, The Conquest of War: A Psychological Inquiry. Dutton.
1929 The Battle of Behaviorism. Nmton (with J. B. Watson).
1929 Modern Materialism and Emergent Evolution. Methuen.
1931 World Chaos: The Responsibility of Science. Kegan Paul.
1932 The Energies of Men: A Study ofthe Fundamentals of Dynamic Psychology. Methuen.
1934 The Frontiers of Psychology. Methuen.
1936 Psycho-Analysis and Social Psychology. Methuen.