Evaluation and measurement, family psychology, industrial and organizational psychology, personality and social psychology, psychotherapy
1916, Ellington, Missouri, USA
Robert Freed Bales (March 9, 1916 – June 16, 2004) was an American social psychologist. He specialized in small group interpersonal interaction. He developed the SYMLOG (SYstematic MultiLevel Observation of Groups) method of group observation.
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BA University of Oregon, 1938
MA Harvard University, 1943
Appointments & Honors
Research Associate, Yale University, 1944-5
Harvard University, Department of Sociology, 1945-7, Department of Psychology and Social Relations, 1947-57, Professor of Social Relations, 1957-86, Emeritus Professor, 1986-
Affiliate, Boston Psychoanalytic Society and Institute, 1956
President, Eastern Sociological Society, 1962-3
Distinguished Career Award, American Association of Specialists in Group Work, 1982
Cooley-Mead Award, American Sociological Association, Social Psychology Section, 1983
APF Award for Distinguished Teaching of Group Processes, 1984
1950 Interaction Process Analysis: A Methodfor the Study of Small Groups. Addison-Wesley (University of Chicago Press, 1976).
1951 Phases in group problem solving. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 46, 485-95 (with F. L. Strodtbeck).
1953 Working Papers in the Theory of Action. Free Press (ed. with T. Parsons and E. A. Shils).
1955 Role differentiation in small decision-making groups. In R. F. Bales, S. P. and S. A. Williamson (eds), The Family, Socialization and Interaction Process. Free Press (with P. E. Slater).
1965 The equilibrium problem in small groups. In A. P. Hare, E. F. Borgetta and R. F. Bales (eds), Small Groups: Studies in Social Interaction. Knopf.
1970 Personality and Interpersonal Behavior. Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
1979 SYMLOG: A System for the Multiple Level Observation of Groups. Free Press (with S. P. Cohen).
1980 SYMLOG. Case Study Kit: With Instructions for a Group SelfStudy. Free Press.
1984 The integration of social psychology. Social Psychology Quarterly, 47, 98-101.
1985 The new field theory in social psychology. International Journal of Small Group Research, 1, 1-18.