Elizabeth F. Loftus (born Elizabeth Fishman, in 1944) is an American cognitive psychologist and expert on human memory. She has conducted extensive research on the malleability of human memory. Loftus is best known for her ground-breaking work on the ...
Elizabeth F. Loftus (born Elizabeth Fishman, in 1944) is an American cognitive psychologist and expert on human memory. She has conducted extensive research on the malleability of human memory. Loftus is best known for her ground-breaking work on the misinformation effect and eyewitness memory, and the creation and nature of false memories, including recovered memories of childhood sexual abuse. As well as her prolific work inside the laboratory, Loftus has been heavily involved in applying her research to legal settings; she has consulted or provided expert witness testimony for hundreds of cases. Loftus has been recognized throughout the world for her work, receiving numerous awards and honorary degrees. In 2002, Loftus was ranked 58th in the Review of General Psychology’s list of the 100 most influential psychological researchers of the 20th century, and was the highest ranked woman on the list.
Fellow, APA Divisions 3, 35 and 41, Phi Beta Kappa, 1965, Pi Mu Epsilon, 1965
Assistant, Associate, then Full Professor of Psychology, 1973- , Adjunct Professor of Law, 1984- , University of Washington
Fellow, Centre for Advanced Study in the Behavioural Sciences, 1978-9
Hon. DSc, Miami University, 1982
President, Western Psychological Association, 1984
President, APA Division 41, 1985, APA Division 3, 1988
Hon. Dr Leiden University, 1990
Hon. Fellow, BPS, 1991
Doctor of Laws, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, 1994
Fellow, American Psychological Society
1975 Leading questions and the eyewitness report. Cognitive Psychology, 7, 560-72.
1975 A spreading activation theory of semantic processing. Psychological Review, 82, 407-28 (with A. M. Collins).
1976 Human Memory: The Processing of Information. Erlbaum (Japanese edn, University of Tokyo Press) (with G. R. Loftus).
1978 Semantic integration of verbal information into a visual memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory, 4 19-31 (with D. G. Miller and H. J. Bums).
1979 Effective interrogation of the eyewitness. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 27, 342-57 (with E. R. Hilgard).
1979 Eyewitness Testimony. Harvard University Press (Japanese edn, Seishin Shobo).
1980 Memory. Addison-Wesley (reprint, Ardsley Press; Swedish edn, Liber Forlag; Hebrew edn, Or Am; French edn, Le Jour, Editeur; Spanish edn, Compania Editorial Continental; Danish edn, Hernon Publishers).
1981 Psychology. Random House (with C. B. Wortman).
1983 Silence is not golden. American Psychologist, 38, 564-72.
1985 Questioning witnesses. In S. Kassin and L. Wrightman (eds), The Psychology of Evidence and Courtroom Procedure. Sage (with J. Goodman).
1988 Statistics. Random House (with G. R. Loftus).
1990 Ten cases of eyewitness identification: Logical problems and procedural problems. Journal of Criminal Justice, 18, 291-319 (with W. A. Wagenaar).
1993 The reality of repressed memories. American Psychologist, 48, 518-37.
1994 The Myth of Repressed Memory. St Martin's Press (with K. Ketcham).